Health Status > Maternal Health
Smoking During Pregnancy
Cigarette smoking during pregnancy is the number
one preventable risk factor for low birth weight. Maternal smoking
is associated with preterm labor and delivery, neonatal and fetal
death, birth defects and other pregnancy complications.1
The use of tobacco during pregnancy has been
declining since 1989. Based on preliminary data, 10.2 percent of
mothers smoked during pregnancy in 2004; this represents a slight
decline from the previous year (10.4 percent). Smoking during pregnancy
is most common among American Indian/Alaska Native women (18.2 percent)
and least common among Asian/Pacific Islander women (2.2 percent).
Hispanic women were the only group to show a decrease since 2003,
from 2.7 percent to 2.6 percent.
1 Yu SM, Park CH, Schwalberg RH. Factors associated
with smoking cessation among US pregnant women. Maternal and Child
Health Journal 2002;6(2):89-97.