Population characteristics describe the diverse social, demographic, and economic features of the Nation's population. There were more than 157 million females in the United States in 2010, representing slightly more than half of the population.
Examining data by demographic factors such as sex, age, and race and ethnicity can serve a number of purposes for policymakers and program planners. For instance, these comparisons can be used to tailor the development and evaluation of policies and programs to better serve the needs of women at higher risk for certain conditions.
This section presents data on population characteristics that may affect women's physical, social, and mental health, as well as access to health care. Some of these characteristics include age, race and ethnicity, education, poverty, employment, household composition, and participation in Federal nutrition programs. The characteristics of incarcerated women are also reviewed and analyzed. The population characteristics and health status of rural and urban women and women veterans are examined as special population features.