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U.S. Female Population

Narrative

In 2000, two-thirds of the total female population was non-Hispanic White (69.4 percent), followed by non-Hispanic Black and Hispanic females (12.5 and 12.0 percent, respectively). By 2009, the proportion of the female population that was non-Hispanic White dropped to 65.2 percent and the proportion that was Hispanic increased to 15.0 percent. By 2050, non-Hispanic White females are projected to no longer make up the majority (46.1 percent), while the proportions of Hispanic, non-Hispanic Asian, and non-Hispanic females of multiple races are expected to double.

The increasing racial and ethnic diversity of the U.S. population is a function of different fertility, mortality, and migration patterns. The younger female population (under 18 years) is significantly more diverse than the older female population. In 2009, 55.0 percent of females under 18 years of age were non-Hispanic White, while 22.4 percent of that group were Hispanic. In contrast, among women aged 65 years and older, 79.7 percent were non-Hispanic White and only 6.9 percent were Hispanic.1

The increasing diversity of the U.S. population underscores the importance of promoting racial and ethnic equity in health and health care. Given that many racial and ethnic minority groups experience poorer health, the future health of America overall will greatly depend on improving the health of these groups. A national focus is critical to understand and address the determinants of disparities in health status and to evaluate efforts to reduce disparities and improve health for all.2

1 U.S. Census Bureau. 2009 American Community Survey – Public Use Microdata Sample. Analysis conducted by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau.
2 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Office of Minority Health & Health Disparities. Eliminating Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities. March 2009. Accessed 03/07/11.

Graph

Data

U.S. Female Population (All Ages), by Race/Ethnicity,* 2000–2050
Year Percent of Females
Non- Hispanic White Non- Hispanic Black Hispanic Non- Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native Non- Hispanic Asian Non- Hispanic Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander Non- Hispanic Multiple Race
*Totals may not sum to 100 percent due to rounding and the exclusion of non-Hispanic females of other races; this population comprised 0.2% of all females in 2009.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder. Census 2000 Summary File 1. Accessed 03/1/11.
U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. Projections of the Population by Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin for the United States: 2010 to 2050 (NP2008-T4). August 2008. Accessed 03/1/11.
U.S. Census Bureau. 2007-2009 American Community Survey – Public Use Microdata Sample. Analysis conducted by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau.
2000 69.4 12.5 12.0 0.7 3.7 0.1 1.6
2009 65.2 12.5 15.0 0.7 4.6 0.1 1.8
2025 Projection 57.7 12.5 20.7 0.8 6.1 0.2 2.0
2050 Projection 46.1 12.0 29.9 0.8 8.1 0.2 3.0

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