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Leading Causes of Death

Narrative

In 2007, there were 1,200,336 deaths of women aged 18 and older in the United States. Of these deaths, nearly half were attributable to heart disease and malignant neoplasms (cancer), which were responsible for 25.5 and 22.4 percent of deaths, respectively. The next two leading causes of death were cerebrovascular diseases (stroke), which accounted for 6.8 percent of deaths, and chronic lower respiratory disease, which accounted for 5.5 percent.

Heart disease was the leading cause of death for women in most racial and ethnic groups; the exceptions were non-Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander and non-Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native women, for whom the leading cause of death was cancer. One of the most noticeable differences in leading causes of death by race and ethnicity is that diabetes mellitus was the seventh leading cause of death among non-Hispanic White women, while it was the fourth among all other racial and ethnic groups. Similarly, chronic lower respiratory disease was the fourth and fifth leading causes of death among non-Hispanic White and non-Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native women, respectively, while it ranked seventh among other racial and ethnic groups. Nephritis, or kidney inflammation, was the fifth leading cause of death among non-Hispanic Black women, but ranked eighth and ninth among women of other races and ethnicities.

Hypertension was the tenth leading cause among non-Hispanic Black and non-Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander women, accounting for 2.0 and 1.6 percent of deaths, respectively. Also noteworthy is that non-Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native women experienced a higher proportion of deaths due to unintentional injury (8.2 percent) and liver disease (4.8 percent; seventh leading cause of death) than women of other racial and ethnic groups. Liver disease was also the tenth leading cause of death among Hispanic women, accounting for 2.0 percent of deaths.

Graph

Data

Ten Leading Causes of Death Among Women Aged 18 and Older, by Race/Ethnicity, 2007
Cause of Death Total Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black Hispanic Non-Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander Non-Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native
Percent of Deaths Rank Percent of Deaths Rank Percent of Deaths Rank Percent of Deaths Rank Percent of Deaths Rank Percent of Deaths Rank
N/A = not in the top 10 leading causes of death for this racial/ethnic group.
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS). Accessed 04/01/11.
Heart Disease 25.5 1 25.6 1 26.0 1 23.8 1 22.9 2 18.2 2
Malignant Neoplasms (cancer) 22.4 2 22.3 2 22.7 2 23.2 2 27.9 1 19.6 1
Cerebrovascular Diseases (stroke) 6.8 3 6.7 3 7.0 3 6.7 3 9.5 3 5.0 6
Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease 5.5 4 6.2 4 2.7 7 2.9 7 2.5 7 5.0 5
4.4 5 4.8 5 2.6 8 3.0 6 2.4 8 N/A N/A
Unintentional Injury 3.4 6 3.4 6 2.7 6 4.3 5 3.6 5 8.2 3
Diabetes Mellitus 3.0 7 2.5 7 5.1 4 5.8 4 4.2 4 6.7 4
Influenza and Pneumonia 2.4 8 2.4 8 N/A N/A 2.4 8 3.0 6 2.1 9
Nephritis (kidney inflammation) 2.0 9 1.8 9 3.4 5 2.3 9 1.9 9 2.7 8
Septicemia (blood poisoning) 1.6 10 1.4 10 2.5 9 N/A N/A N/A N/A 2.0 10

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