The Health and Well-Being of Children in Rural Areas: A Portrait of the Nation 2005
Home The Child The Child's Family The Child and Family's Neighborhood Order
Overall Child Health Status  |  Children with Moderate or Severe Health Conditions
Breastfeeding  |  Children with Moderate or Severe Socio-Emotional Difficulties  |  Impact of Socio-Emotional Difficulties
Overweight  |  Injury  |  Parents' Concerns  |  Current Health Insurance  |  Coverage Consistency  |  Preventive Health Care Visits
Preventive Dental Visits  |  Medical Home  |  Staying Home Alone  |  Repeating a Grade  |  Regular Physical Activity


Unintentional injury—including motor vehicle crashes, falls, and cuts—is a major risk to children’s health and is the leading cause of death for children over 1 year of age. For the NSCH, parents of children aged 5 and under were asked whether their child had required medical attention for an accidental injury over the past year. Overall, over 9 percent of children were reported to have experienced such an injury. Children living in small rural areas appear to be slightly more likely to experience injury than children in urban areas (10.0 versus 9.3 percent, respectively). The injury rate of children living in large rural areas (9.4 percent) is similar to that of children in urban areas.

This slightly higher injury rate in small rural areas is no longer evident once the data are further divided by other demographic variables. For instance, the past-year injury rate among children with family incomes below the Federal poverty level (FPL) is highest in large rural areas (12.0 percent) and lowest in urban areas (6.7 percent); among children with family incomes of 100-199 percent of FPL, rates are highest in small rural areas (12.1 percent) and lowest in large rural areas (7.6 percent). The rates among children with higher family incomes are as varied as those among children with lower family incomes.

Graph: Percent of children aged 0-5 years with injuries in the past year, by location



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This chartbook is based on data from the National Survey of Children's Health. Suggested citation: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration, Maternal and Child Health Bureau. The National Survey of Children's Health 2003. Rockville, Maryland: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2005.