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NEONATAL AND POSTNEONATAL MORTALITY

Neonatal

In 2002, 18,791 infants younger than 28 days died, resulting in a neonatal mortality rate of 4.7 deaths per 1,000 live births. This neonatal mortality rate represents a small increase from the rate recorded in 2001.

Neonatal mortality is generally related to congenital anomalies and disorders resulting from preterm delivery and low birth weight.

Postneonatal

In 2002, 9,179 infants between 28 days and 1 year of age died; the postneonatal mortality rate was 2.3 deaths per 1,000 live births. The 2002 rate is not different from the 2001 rate.

The leading causes of postneonatal mortality in 2002 were Sudden Infant Death Syndrome and congenital anomalies.

Graph: Neonatal Mortality Rates by Race/Ethnicity of Mother[d]

Graph: Postneonatal Mortality Rates by Race/Ethnicity of Mother[d]