NEONATAL AND POSTNEONATAL MORTALITY
In 2002, 18,791 infants younger than 28 days died, resulting in
a neonatal mortality rate of 4.7 deaths per 1,000 live births. This
neonatal mortality rate represents a small increase from the rate
recorded in 2001.
Neonatal mortality is generally related to congenital anomalies
and disorders resulting from preterm delivery and low birth weight.
In 2002, 9,179 infants between 28 days and 1 year of age died;
the postneonatal mortality rate was 2.3 deaths per 1,000 live births.
The 2002 rate is not different from the 2001 rate.
The leading causes of postneonatal mortality in 2002 were Sudden
Infant Death Syndrome and congenital anomalies.