While the indicators presented in other
sections are representative of the United States population
as a whole, this section presents data at the State level.
Geographic differences in health status and health care
utilization play an important role in tailoring health programs
and interventions to specific populations. Included are
data regarding infant, neonatal, and perinatal mortality,
low birth weight, early prenatal care, health care financing,
Medicaid enrollment and expenditures, and CHIP enrollment.
This section reveals important disparities
in these measures across States. For instance, the rates
of low birth weight births (less than 2,500 grams or 5 pounds
8 ounces) were highest in the District of Columbia and several
southern States, including Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi,
and South Carolina. These States, in addition to New Mexico
and Texas, were also among those with the highest rates
of births to women under 18 years of age.
All of these issues have geographic program
and policy implications, and State and local leaders can
use this information to better serve their maternal and
child populations in need.