Health Services Financing and Utilization
RECEIPT OF PREVENTIVE CARE
In 2004, 73 percent of children under
18 years of age were reported by parents to have had a preventive
medical visit (or “well-child” visit) in the past year.
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends that
children have eight such visits in their first year, three
in their second year, and at least one per year from middle
childhood through adolescence.
Despite the recommendation that older
children should have one preventive visit per year, only
68.3 percent of children aged 10 to 14 years and 63.8 percent
of children aged 15 to 17 years received a well-child visit
in the past year. Younger children (ages birth to 4 years)
were the most likely to have received a well-child visit
in the past year (85.3 percent).
The rate of preventive visits for children
also varied by racial and ethnic group. Non-Hispanic Black
children were the most likely to have received a preventive
visit in the past year (79.4 percent), followed by non-Hispanic
White children (73.9 percent). Hispanic children were least
likely to receive a preventive visit (64.9 percent). Children
with family incomes above the Federal poverty level were
more likely to receive a preventive visit than those children
with family incomes below the poverty level (74.5 versus
68.9 percent; data not shown).