HEALTH SERVICES FINANCING AND UTILIZATION
The availability of, and access to, quality
health care directly affects the health of the population.
This is especially true of those at high risk due to chronic
medical conditions or low socio-economic status.
Children may receive health coverage through
a number of sources, including private insurance, either
employer-based or purchased directly, and public programs,
such as Medicaid or the Children’s Health Insurance
Program (CHIP). Eligibility for public programs is based
on a family’s income compared to the Federal poverty level.
Every State has CHIP programs that help expand coverage
to children who would otherwise be uninsured. Despite the
progress achieved through public programs, approximately
8.3 million children remain uninsured in the United States.
This section presents data on the utilization
of health services within the maternal and child population.
Data are summarized by source of payment, type of care,
and place of service delivery.