U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration

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Children Under Age 18 Living in Households with Incomes Below 100 Percent of the Poverty Threshold, by Race/Ethnicity,* 1976–2008**

Percent of children:

  • For Blacks fell from approximately 40 to 34.7
  • For Hispanics fell from approximately 30 to 30.6; there was an increase from 1976 to 1996, with the rate peaking at approximately 38.
  • For total remained at 19.0
  • For Non-Hispanic Whites remained steady at 10.6

*The U.S. Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds to determine who is in poverty; the poverty threshold for a family of four was $22.025 in 2008.

**The Current Population Survey currently allows respondents to choose more than one race; however, prior to 2002, only one race was reported. For consistency, figures reported here are for respondents who chose one race.

Source I.2: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey

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