Child Mortality

In 2005, 11,358 children between the ages of 1 and 14 years died of various causes; this was 261 fewer than in the previous year. The overall mortality rate among 1- to 4-year-olds was 29.4 per 100,000, and the rate among 5- to 14-year-olds was 16.3 per 100,000. The leading cause of death among children in the younger age group continues to be unintentional injury, which accounted for 35.0 percent of all deaths in this age group in 2005. The next most common cause of death was congenital malformations (birth defects), followed by malignant neoplasms (cancer), homicide, and diseases of the heart.

Unintentional injury was also the leading cause of death among older children, accounting for 36.6 percent of deaths among 5- to 14-year-olds. This was followed by malignant neoplasms, congenital malformations, homicide, suicide, and diseases of the heart.

Leading Causes of Death Among Children Aged 1-14, 2005 [D]

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