In 2005, 46.8 percent of high school students reported ever having had sexual intercourse, representing a slight increase since 2003, while 53.2 percent of students were abstinent (had never had intercourse). Nearly 13 percent of students were not currently sexually active (had not had intercourse in the past 3 months), while 12.6 percent of students were currently sexually active but did not use a condom during their last intercourse. Another 21.3 percent of students were currently sexually active and reported using a condom during their last sexual encounter.
Sexual activity and condom use varied by race and ethnicity in 2005. Non-Hispanic Black students were most likely to report ever having sexual intercourse (67.6 percent), and also most likely to report condom use during their last sexual encounter (68.9 percent of sexually active students). Hispanic students were second most likely to report ever having had sexual intercourse (51.0 percent), followed by non-Hispanic White students (41.8 percent; data not shown).
In 2005, sexual activity increased with grade level, while condom use decreased. Among 12th grade students, 49.4 percent reported being currently sexually active: 27.4 percent used a condom during their last intercourse, while 22.0 percent did not. In other words, 55.5 percent of sexually active 12th graders used a condom during their last sexual encounter. In contrast, 21.9 percent of 9th graders were sexually active, 74.4 percent of whom used a condom during their last sexual encounter: 5.6 percent of 9th graders were sexually active and not using a condom, while 16.3 percent were sexually active and used a condom during their last sexual encounter.